Euphorbia clivicola is a small, spiny, perennial succulent with a subterranean root system and a root tuber which is up to 15 cm long and up to 3 cm thick and tapers towards the base. Four-angled branches, armed with paired spines are yellowish green, up to 6 cm long and aggregate into a dense mass above the ground. The flowers are very small and unisexual and are arranged in cup-like structures with yellow, nectar-bearing glands around the rim. They are arranged in groups of three at flowering eyes towards the end of the branches. In each group of three cyathia, the central one contains only male flowers and the outer two contain both male and female flowers.
Scientific Name: Euphorbia clivicola
How to grow and maintain Euphorbia clivicola:
It prefers full to partial sunlight. Provides good sunlight at least 3-5 hours of the day, and turn it regularly so that your plant doesn’t begin to grow lopsided.
It grows best in well-drained soil, a mix of 3 parts soil-based potting mix and 1 part grit. They are not particular about soil pH, but make sure the soil is moist at all times during the spring and summer months.
You can allow the soil to dry out between each watering. Before watering the plant check underneath the pot through the drainage holes to see if the roots are dry. If so then add some water. Do not water too often to prevent overwatering, that can potentially kill it off.
It prefers an optimal temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit – 85 degrees Fahrenheit / 16 degrees Celsius to 29 degrees Celsius.
Fertilize every two weeks with a diluted balanced liquid fertilizer during its growing season in the spring and summer. Avoid fertilizing your plant during the fall and winter months.
Euphorbia can be easily propagated by cuttings. Take cutting in spring, which needs to be dried out for a couple of weeks before potting. Also can be propagated from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate.
Pests and Diseases:
Euphorbia may be susceptible to mealybugs, scale insects, occasionally spider mites.